Modules

Idio supports a (far too) simple module mechanism which creates a namespace and limits visibility of names within that namespace to just those explicitly exported.

import uses require in turn so the library file must be called name.idio and end with provide name.

Each import expression has its effects prepended to any existing imports. Any individual import expression retains the ordering of the line.

Once a module has been loaded into Idio you can always reference the module’s exported names as module/name.

If you import a module, you are first require’ing the module and then adding the module’s exported names into your own namespace.

A.idio
module A

export (
      writer
)

;; libc is known to Idio but has not been imported into this
;; namespace, A, so we must use direct names
define (the-actual-writer str) {
  ;; we pass Idio strings to libc/write
  libc/write libc/STDOUT_FILENO "A: "
  libc/write libc/STDOUT_FILENO str
}

define (writer str) {
  the-actual-writer str
}

provide A
B.idio
module B

export (
      writer
)

;; add libc names to our namespace for convenience
import libc

define (the-actual-writer str) {
  write STDOUT_FILENO "B: "
  write STDOUT_FILENO str
}

define (writer str) {
  the-actual-writer str
}

provide B
simple-modules.idio
import A B
;; the same effect is achieved with
;;
;; import B
;; import A

A/writer "called A\n"
B/writer "called B\n"

;; name clash: A/writer will be preferred to B/writer because it was
;; first on the single import expression
writer "called?\n"
$ idio simple-modules
A: called A
B: called B
A: called?

libc

The libc namespace is full of inconvenient name clashes (read, write, mkdir etc.) which makes it a tricky customer.

Much of the Idio library code does not import libc but simply uses the direct names, libc/read etc..

Last built at 2024-05-19T06:11:40Z+0000 from 77077af (dev) for Idio 0.3